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Information on COVID-19 for people with chronic diseases, their family members and care givers

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To prevent the large-scale spread of COVID-19:

Know, Prepare, Protect

 

What is the COVID-19?

Coronaviruses is a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases including pneumonia. COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the latest discovered coronavirus (SARS-CoV2).

How does the virus spread?

People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus through inhaling small droplets from people with COVID-19 who cough or sneeze or through touching their eyes, mouth and nose with an unwashed hand after contact with contaminated surfaces.


What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

Many people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. The symptoms are as follows:

·         Fever

·         Cough

·         Difficulty breathing

 

Know, Prepare, Protect

What to do if you have a chronic diseases:  cardiovascular, oncological, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes?


How can you prepare yourself.

·         Educate yourself on COVID-19 from trusted sources;

·         Refill your prescription medicines;  

·         Have a thermometer, tissues medicines to treat fever;

·         As much as feasible, keep physically active;

·         Have enough groceries and household items, prepare gradually;  

·         Activate your social network. Contact family, friends, neighbors and make joint plans on what to do when COVID-19 is spreading in your community or if you become ill;

·         Follow instructions of health care workers;

·         Continue to practice general hygiene.

 

What do you do if you fall ill?

If you become ill with symptoms of cough, fever and difficulty breathing:

1.      Stay home and contact medical personnel;

2.      Mention what chronic disease you have.


How can you protect yourself and others.

Wash your hands with soap and water for 20 seconds, or if not available, use an alcohol-based solution:

o   Before eating, after using the toilet;

o   After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing;

o   After having close contact with other people.

·         Avoid contact with sick people, in particular those with a cough;

·         Avoid touching your face, nose and eyes with unwashed hands;

·         Follow the quarantine rules and recommendations of health care workers;

·         Practice social distancing.

o   Avoid crowds, especially in confined and poorly ventilated spaces; Do your grocery shopping at off-peak hours;

o   Try to exercise outdoors;

o   During quarantine, try to go outside only when necessary.